Exercise Energy Expenditure and Postprandial Lipemia in Girls

TOLFREY, KEITH; ENGSTROM, ALEX; MURPHY, CAOILEANN; THACKRAY, ALICE; WEAVER, ROBERT; BARRETT, LAURA A.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: February 2014 - Volume 46 - Issue 2 - p 239–246
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182a59ab1
Basic Sciences

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of 30 and 60 min of moderate-intensity treadmill walking on postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations ([TAG]) in healthy girls.

Methods: Eighteen 10- to 14-yr-old girls (mean ± SD; body mass = 48 ± 11 kg, body fat = 19.0 ± 4.6%, peak oxygen uptake [V˙O2] = 47 ± 6 mL·kg−1·min−1) completed three 2-d trials in a counterbalanced crossover design, each separated by 14 d. On day 1, they rested (CON) or completed 30 min (EX30) or 60 min (EX60) of intermittent treadmill exercise at 56% peak V˙O2, inducing energy expenditures of 777 and 1536 kJ (186 and 367 kcal), respectively. On day 2, after a 12-h fast, a capillary blood sample was taken for fasting [TAG] before a high-fat milkshake (80 kJ·kg−1 body mass) was consumed. Further blood samples were taken hourly over a 6-h postprandial rest period for [TAG]. ANOVA and Student’s t-tests were used to analyze the data.

Results: Fasting [TAG] was lower in EX60 than CON (95% confidence interval [CI] = –0.36 to 0.04, effect size (ES) = 0.41) and EX30 (95% CI = –0.47 to 0.04, ES = 0.46); all group mean concentrations were low (≤0.90 mmol·L−1). The main effect for condition revealed differences in postprandial [TAG] over time (ES = 0.36). The EX60 total area under the [TAG] versus time curve was lower than CON (95% CI = –2.66 to –0.04, ES 0.40) and EX30 (95% CI = –2.11 to 0.15, ES = 0.30); CON and EX30 were similar (95% CI = –1.44 to 0.71, ES = 0.10).

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that 60 min but not 30 min of moderate treadmill exercise, with a gross energy expenditure of 1536 kJ (367 kcal), attenuated postprandial [TAG] in girls.

Paediatric Exercise Physiology Research Group, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UNITED KINGDOM

Address for correspondence: Keith Tolfrey, Ph.D., School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, United Kingdom; E-mail: k.tolfrey@lboro.ac.uk.

Submitted for publication April 2013.

Accepted for publication July 2013.

© 2014 American College of Sports Medicine