Gas Exchange Threshold in Male SpeedPower versus Endurance Athletes Ages 2090 Years

KUSY, KRZYSZTOF1; KRÓL-ZIELIŃSKA, MAGDALENA2; DOMASZEWSKA, KATARZYNA3; KRYŚCIAK, JAKUB3; PODGÓRSKI, TOMASZ4; ZIELIŃSKI, JACEK1

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: December 2012 - Volume 44 - Issue 12 - p 2415–2422
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318267c36f
Applied Sciences

Purpose: This cross-sectional study compared the oxygen uptake at the gas exchange threshold (GET) and its relation to age between highly trained competitive speed–power athletes (SP), endurance athletes, and untrained participants.

Methods: A total of 199 men ages 20–90 yr were examined: 51 SP, 87 endurance runners (ER), and 61 untrained individuals (UT). Physiological parameters at GET were obtained during a graded treadmill test until exhaustion: oxygen uptake (V˙O2GET), HRGET, and oxygen pulse (O2 PulseGET). Information about training history and volume was collected. A linear model of regression was adopted.

Results: Average V˙O2GET was lower in the SP than that in ER group but significantly higher in the SP than that in UT group across the whole age range. Absolute rate of decline in V˙O2GET was smaller in the SP than ER group and smallest in the UT group (0.38, 0.56, and 0.22 mL·kg−1·min−1·yr−1, respectively). Percentage decline per decade did not differ between groups (7.9%–8.7%). Above the age of 50 yr, absolute and percentage rates of decline were considerably lower in the SP than ER group (0.24 vs 0.65 mL·kg−1·min−1·yr−1 and 7.2% vs 13.4% per decade, respectively). About the age of 85, the predicted level of V˙O2GET in the SP group was close to that of the ER group. The training volume correlated significantly with V˙O2GET in athletes (r = 0.67–0.70). Main predictors of O2GET were V˙O2 PulseGET and HRGET (89.9%–95.6% and 4.1%–9.8% of explained variance, respectively).

Conclusions: Our results suggest that the “speed–power model” of lifelong physical activity is associated with an elevated level of V˙O2GET and its relatively slow age-related decline.

1Department of Athletics, Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Poznań, POLAND; 2Department of Methodology of Teaching Physical Education, Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Poznań, POLAND; 3Department of Physiology, Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Poznań, POLAND; and 4Department of Biochemistry, Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, Poznań, POLAND

Address for correspondence: Krzysztof Kusy, Ph.D., Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education, ul. Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznań, Poland; E-mail: krzysztofkusy@op.pl.

Submitted for publication April 2012.

Accepted for publication July 2012.

©2012The American College of Sports Medicine