2011 Compendium of Physical Activities: A Second Update of Codes and MET Values

AINSWORTH, BARBARA E.1,2; HASKELL, WILLIAM L.3; HERRMANN, STEPHEN D.1,2; MECKES, NATHANAEL1,2; BASSETT, DAVID R. JR.4; TUDOR-LOCKE, CATRINE5; GREER, JENNIFER L.1,2; VEZINA, JESSE1,2; WHITT-GLOVER, MELICIA C.6; LEON, ARTHUR S.7

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821ece12
SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS: Rapid Communications
Abstract

Purpose: The Compendium of Physical Activities was developed to enhance the comparability of results across studies using self-report physical activity (PA) and is used to quantify the energy cost of a wide variety of PA. We provide the second update of the Compendium, called the 2011 Compendium.

Methods: The 2011 Compendium retains the previous coding scheme to identify the major category headings and specific PA by their rate of energy expenditure in MET. Modifications in the 2011 Compendium include cataloging measured MET values and their source references, when available; addition of new codes and specific activities; an update of the Compendium tracking guide that links information in the 1993, 2000, and 2011 compendia versions; and the creation of a Web site to facilitate easy access and downloading of Compendium documents. Measured MET values were obtained from a systematic search of databases using defined key words.

Results: The 2011 Compendium contains 821 codes for specific activities. Two hundred seventeen new codes were added, 68% (561/821) of which have measured MET values. Approximately half (317/604) of the codes from the 2000 Compendium were modified to improve the definitions and/or to consolidate specific activities and to update estimated MET values where measured values did not exist. Updated MET values accounted for 73% of all code changes.

Conclusions: The Compendium is used globally to quantify the energy cost of PA in adults for surveillance activities, research studies, and, in clinical settings, to write PA recommendations and to assess energy expenditure in individuals. The 2011 Compendium is an update of a system for quantifying the energy cost of adult human PA and is a living document that is moving in the direction of being 100% evidence based.

Author Information

1Exercise and Wellness Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ; 2Healthy Lifestyles Research Center, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ; 3Stanford Prevention Research Center, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA; 4Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sports Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN; 5Walking Behavior Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA; 6Gramercy Research Group, Winston-Salem, NC; and 7School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Address for correspondence: Barbara E. Ainsworth, Ph.D., MPH, FACSM, Exercise and Wellness Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 425 N. 5th Street, Mail Code 3020, Phoenix, AZ 85004; E-mail: Barbara.Ainsworth@asu.edu.

Submitted for publication March 2011.

Accepted for publication April 2011.

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©2011The American College of Sports Medicine