Skip Navigation LinksHome > December 2010 - Volume 42 - Issue 12 > Long-Term Physical Activity and Inflammatory Biomarkers in O...
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181e3ac80
Basic Sciences

Long-Term Physical Activity and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Older Adults

BEAVERS, KRISTEN M.1; HSU, FANG-CHI2; ISOM, SCOTT2; KRITCHEVSKY, STEPHEN B.1; CHURCH, TIMOTHY3; GOODPASTER, BRET4; PAHOR, MARCO5; NICKLAS, BARBARA J.1

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-month physical activity (PA) intervention on inflammatory biomarkers in elderly men and women.

Methods: Four hundred and twenty-four elderly (age = 70-89 yr), nondisabled, community-dwelling men and women at risk for physical disability were enrolled in a multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Participants were randomized to participate in either a 12-month moderate-intensity PA intervention or a successful aging health education intervention. Biomarkers of inflammation (interleukin (IL)-6sR, IL-1sRII, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (sTNFRI, sTNFRII), IL-8, IL-15, adiponectin, IL-1ra, IL-2sRα, and TNFα) were measured at baseline, at 6 months, and at 12 months.

Results: A baseline blood sample was successfully collected from 368 participants. After adjustment for gender, clinic site, diabetes status, and baseline outcome measure, IL-8 was the only inflammatory biomarker affected by the PA intervention (P = 0.03). The adjusted mean IL-8 at month 12 was 9.9% (0.87 pg·mL−1) lower in the PA compared with the successful aging group. Secondary interaction analyses between baseline biomarker status and treatment showed one significant interaction (P = 0.02) such that the PA intervention reduced IL-15 concentrations in participants with a baseline IL-15 above the median value of 1.67 pg·mL−1. However, these associations were no longer significant after consideration for multiple comparisons.

Conclusions: Overall, this study does not provide definitive evidence for an effect of regular exercise for altering systemic concentrations of the measured inflammatory biomarkers in older adults.

©2010The American College of Sports Medicine

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