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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181de2da7
Applied Sciences

Walking and Running Economy: Inverse Association with Peak Oxygen Uptake

SAWYER, BRANDON J.1; BLESSINGER, JASON R.2; IRVING, BRIAN A.3; WELTMAN, ARTHUR2; PATRIE, JAMES T.4; GAESSER, GLENN A.1

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that V˙O2peak is positively correlated with the regression coefficients of the curve-linear relationship between V˙O2 and speed during a protocol consisting of submaximal walking and running.

Methods: Nineteen healthy men (mean ± SD: age = 26.4 ± 6.4 yr, height = 179.9 ± 7.2 cm, weight = 77.7 ± 8.7 kg, % fat = 16.3 ± 7.3) and 21 healthy women (age = 25.6 ± 4.9 yr, height = 167.2 ± 5.4 cm, weight = 61.6 ± 7.7 kg, % fat = 24.0 ± 6.8) underwent an incremental treadmill test to determine V˙O2peak and on two separate days performed an exercise protocol consisting of treadmill walking on a level grade at 2.0 mph (54 m·min−1), 3.0 mph (80 m·min−1), and 4.0 mph (107 m·min−1) and running at 6.0 mph (161 m·min−1). Subjects exercised for 5 min at each velocity, with 3 min of rest in between each exercise bout. Pulmonary ventilation (V˙E) and gas exchange were measured breath-by-breath each minute. The average of V˙O2 values obtained during the last 2 min of exercise for both exercise sessions was used in polynomial random coefficient regression analysis.

Results: In the polynomial random coefficient regression analysis for walking speeds only, both linear (r = 0.31, P = 0.053) and quadratic (r = 0.35, P = 0.029) coefficients were modestly correlated with V˙O2peak. Steady-state V˙O2 during walking at 3.0 and 4.0 mph and running at 6.0 mph was also modestly correlated with V˙O2peak (r = 0.30-0.48).

Conclusions: The results confirm our hypothesis and suggest that, as walking speed increases, the increase in V˙O2 is positively correlated with the V˙O2peak. Our findings are consistent with the notion that cardiorespiratory fitness and exercise economy are inversely related.

©2010The American College of Sports Medicine

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