Skip Navigation LinksHome > December 2009 - Volume 41 - Issue 12 > Effects of Stride Length and Running Mileage on a Probabilis...
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a984c4
Applied Sciences

Effects of Stride Length and Running Mileage on a Probabilistic Stress Fracture Model

EDWARDS, W. BRENT1; TAYLOR, DAVID2; RUDOLPHI, THOMAS J.3; GILLETTE, JASON C.1,; DERRICK, TIMOTHY R.1

Collapse Box

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The fatigue life of bone is inversely related to strain magnitude. Decreasing stride length is a potential mechanism of strain reduction during running. If stride length is decreased, the number of loading cycles will increase for a given mileage. It is unclear if increased loading cycles are detrimental to skeletal health despite reductions in strain.

Purpose: To determine the effects of stride length and running mileage on the probability of tibial stress fracture.

Methods: Ten male subjects ran overground at their preferred running velocity during two conditions: preferred stride length and 10% reduction in preferred stride length. Force platform and kinematic data were collected concurrently. A combination of experimental and musculoskeletal modeling techniques was used to determine joint contact forces acting on the distal tibia. Peak instantaneous joint contact forces served as inputs to a finite element model to estimate tibial strains during stance. Stress fracture probability for stride length conditions and three running mileages (3, 5, and 7 miles·d−1) were determined using a probabilistic model of bone damage, repair, and adaptation. Differences in stress fracture probability were compared between conditions using a 2 × 3 repeated-measures ANOVA.

Results: The main effects of stride length (P = 0.017) and running mileage (P = 0.001) were significant. Reducing stride length decreased the probability of stress fracture by 3% to 6%. Increasing running mileage increased the probability of stress fracture by 4% to 10%.

Conclusions: Results suggest that strain magnitude plays a more important role in stress fracture development than the total number of loading cycles. Runners wishing to decrease their probability for tibial stress fracture may benefit from a 10% reduction in stride length.

©2009The American College of Sports Medicine

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Connect With Us