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Temporal Artery Temperature Measurements Do Not Detect Hyperthermic Marathon Runners

RONNEBERG, KEVIN1; ROBERTS, WILLIAM O.2; MCBEAN, ALEXANDER DUNCAN3; CENTER, BRUCE A.2

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: August 2008 - Volume 40 - Issue 8 - p 1373-1375
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816d65bb
CLINICAL SCIENCES: Clinically Relevant

Introduction: Exertional heat stroke is a cause of collapse in marathon runners. Rectal temperature (T rectal) measurement is the usual method of estimating core temperature in collapsed runners, and temporal artery thermometer (TAT) measurement is untested for field use in marathon runners and other athletes. The objective of this study is to compare TAT measurement with T rectal measurement in collapsed marathon runners.

Methods: TAT-500i (Exergen Corp, Wellesley, MA) temperature measurements were obtained using the manufacturer's instruction manual on 60 collapsed marathon runners who had T rectal measurements in the finish area medical tent during two consecutive annual races.

Results: The TAT temperatures identified only 2 of 17 hyperthermic runners (T rectal > 39.4°C (103°F)), a sensitivity of only 0.12, and a Pearson' correlation coefficient of 0.374 (r 2 = 0.14). Among the 17 hyperthermic runners, the correlation of T rectal to TAT temperatures was 0.526 (r 2 = 0.28) with a mean ± SD T rectal of 40.7 ± 0.94°C (105.1 ± 1.7°F) and a mean ± SD TAT temperature of 37.4± 1.3°C (99.4 ± 2.4°F). Among the 43 collapsed normothermic runners, there was no correlation between the rectal and the TAT measurements (r = −0.142, P = 0.37).

Conclusions: These findings indicate that there is little association between the temperatures obtained by temporal artery measurement and T rectal measurement in collapsed marathon runners and that TAT temperature is unable to identify hyperthermic runners. Based on these findings, TAT measurement should not be used to assess core body temperature or make treatment decisions for marathon runners with potential exertional heat stroke.

1Fairview Sports and Orthopedic Care, Wyoming, MN; 2University of Minnesota Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN; 3Regions Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine, St Paul, MN

Address for correspondence: William O. Roberts, M.D., M.S., Phalen Village Clinic, 1414 Maryland Ave E, St Paul, MN 55106; E-mail: rober037@umn.edu.

Submitted for publication January 2008.

Accepted for publication February 2008.

©2008The American College of Sports Medicine