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Inspiratory muscle training fails to improve endurance capacity in athletes

WILLIAMS, JAMES S.; WONGSATHIKUN, JATUPORN; BOON, SHARON M.; ACEVEDO, EDMUND O.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: July 2002 - Volume 34 - Issue 7 - p 1194-1198
APPLIED SCIENCES: Physical Fitness and Performance

WILLIAMS, J. S., J. WONGSATHIKUN, S. M. BOON, and E. O. ACEVEDO. Inspiratory muscle training fails to improve endurance capacity in athletes. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 34, No. 7, pp. 1194–1198, 2002.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of specific inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory muscle strength and endurance and whole-body endurance exercise capacity in competitive endurance athletes.

Methods Seven collegiate distance runners (5 male/2 female; V̇O2max = 59.9 ± 11.7 mL·kg−1·min−1) were recruited to participate in this study. Initial testing included maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max), sustained maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (MIP), breathing endurance time (BET) at 60% MIP, and endurance run time (ERT) at 85% V̇O2max. Heart rate (HR), minute ventilation (V̇E), oxygen consumption (V̇O2), and ratings of perceived dyspnea (RPD) were recorded at 5-min intervals and during the last minute of the endurance run. Blood lactate concentration (BLC) was also obtained immediately before and at 2 min after the endurance run. All testing was repeated after 4 wk of IMT (50–65% MIP, ∼25 min·d−1, 4–5 sessions/week, 4 wk).

Results After 4 wk of IMT, MIP and BET were significantly increased compared with pretraining values (P < 0.05). No significant differences between pre and post values were observed in V̇O2max or ERT at 85% V̇O2max after IMT. No significant differences between pre and post values were detected in HR, V̇E, V̇O2, or RPD during the endurance run as measured at steady state and end of the test after IMT. BLC was not significantly different before or at 2 min after the endurance run between pre and post IMT.

Conclusion These results suggest that IMT significantly improves respiratory muscle strength and endurance. However, these improvements in respiratory muscle function are not transferable to V̇O2max or endurance exercise capacity as assessed at 85% V̇O2max in competitive athletes.

Department of Health, Exercise & Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX; and Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, MS

Submitted for publication August 2001.

Accepted for publication February 2002.

©2002The American College of Sports Medicine