Changes in blood volume and oxygenation level in a working muscle during a crank cycle

TAKAISHI, TETSUO; SUGIURA, TAKAHIRO; KATAYAMA, KEISHO; SATO, YASUTAKE; SHIMA, NORIHIRO; YAMAMOTO, TAKASHI; MORITANI, TOSHIO

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: March 2002 - Volume 34 - Issue 3 - pp 520-528
APPLIED SCIENCES: Physical Fitness and Performance

TAKAISHI, T., T. SUGIURA, K. KATAYAMA, Y. SATO, N. SHIMA, T. YAMAMOTO, and T. MORITANI. Changes in blood volume and oxygenation level in a working muscle during a crank cycle. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 520–528, 2002.

Purpose: This study examined circulatory and metabolic changes in a working muscle during a crank cycle in a pedaling exercise with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).

Methods: NIRS measurements sampled under stable metabolic and cadence conditions during incremental pedaling exercise were reordered according to the crank angles whose signals were obtained in eight male subjects.

Results: The reordered changes in muscle blood volume during a crank cycle demonstrated a pattern change that corresponded to changes in pedal force and electrical muscle activity for pedal thrust. The top and bottom peaks for muscle blood volume change at work intensities of 180 W and 220 W always preceded (88 ± 32 and 92 ± 23 ms, respectively) those for muscle oxygenation changes. Significant differences in the level of NIRS parameters (muscle blood volume and oxygenation level) among work intensities were noted with a common shape in curve changes related to pedal force. In addition, a temporary increase in muscle blood volume following a pedal thrust was detected at work intensities higher than moderate. This temporary increase in muscle blood volume might reflect muscle blood flow restriction caused by pedal thrusts.

Conclusion: The results suggest that circulatory and metabolic conditions of a working muscle can be easily affected during pedaling exercise by work intensity. The present method, reordering of NIRS parameters against crank angle, serves as a useful measure in providing additional findings of circulatory dynamics and metabolic changes in a working muscle during pedaling exercise.

Institute of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-8501, JAPAN; Faculty of Economics, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-8501, JAPAN; Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, JAPAN; Laboratory for Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, School of Physical Education, Chukyo University, Toyota 470-0348, JAPAN; and Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, JAPAN

Submitted for publication November 2000.

Accepted for publication July 2001.

©2002The American College of Sports Medicine