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Changes in stress and recovery in elite rowers during preparation for the Olympic Games


Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: March 2000 - Volume 32 - Issue 3 - p 676-683
APPLIED SCIENCES: Physical Fitness and Performance

KELLMANN, M., and K-D. GÜNTHER. Changes in stress and recovery in elite rowers during preparation for the Olympic Games. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 676–683, 2000.

Purpose: The purpose was to investigate changes in stress and recovery during preparation for the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games.

Methods: Eleven elite rowers of the German National Rowing Team completed four times the Recovery-Stress-Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport). The eight rowers who competed at the Olympic Games filled out the RESTQ-Sport a fifth time, 2 d before the preliminaries.

Results: Trend parameters revealed significant alterations of somatic components of stress (Lack of Engery, Somatic Complaints, Fitness/Injury) and recovery factors (Fitness/Being in Shape) over time that mirrored the average length of daily extensive endurance training sessions. Significant changes in the scales Conflicts/Pressure and Social Relaxation reflected interpersonal processes within the team.

Conclusions: The importance of balancing training stress and recovery for an optimal performance development is highlighted as well as the potential of the RESTQ-Sport for training monitoring.

Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Universität Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, GERMANY; and Deutscher Ruderverband, 30189 Hannover, GERMANY

Submitted for publication October 1998.

Accepted for publication May 1999.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Michael Kellmann, Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Universität Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, 14469 Potsdam, Germany. E-mail:;

©2000The American College of Sports Medicine