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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
Roundtable Consensus Statement

Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients


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TREMBLAY, A., and V. DRAPEAU. Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 31, No. 11, Suppl., pp. S584–S589, 1999.

Objective: The impact of physical exercise on macronutrient preferences was examined with a perspective to improve preventive and therapeutic strategies of obesity.

Design: The literature was reviewed pertaining to the acute effects of physical activity and the short-term and chronic effects of exercise training on macronutrient preferences.

Results: The presently available literature does not permit to establish a consensus regarding the impact of physical activity, be it acute or long-term, on macronutrient selection. However, one observation stands out and that is the fact that dietary fat intake needs to be controlled in order for exercise to produce a negative energy and fat balance.

Conclusion: Because active individuals do not systematically choose foods that are low in fat content, it is important to provide nutritional guidelines in a context where physical activity aims at reducing or better controlling body weight.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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