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Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients

TREMBLAY, ANGELO; DRAPEAU, VICKY

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: November 1999 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p S584
Roundtable Consensus Statement

TREMBLAY, A., and V. DRAPEAU. Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 31, No. 11, Suppl., pp. S584–S589, 1999.

Objective: The impact of physical exercise on macronutrient preferences was examined with a perspective to improve preventive and therapeutic strategies of obesity.

Design: The literature was reviewed pertaining to the acute effects of physical activity and the short-term and chronic effects of exercise training on macronutrient preferences.

Results: The presently available literature does not permit to establish a consensus regarding the impact of physical activity, be it acute or long-term, on macronutrient selection. However, one observation stands out and that is the fact that dietary fat intake needs to be controlled in order for exercise to produce a negative energy and fat balance.

Conclusion: Because active individuals do not systematically choose foods that are low in fat content, it is important to provide nutritional guidelines in a context where physical activity aims at reducing or better controlling body weight.

Division of Kinesiology, PEPS, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Québec, G1K 7P4, CANADA

Address for correspondence: Angelo Tremblay, Ph.D., Division of Kinesiology, PEPS, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Québec, G1K 7P4, Canada; E-mail: angelo.tremblay@kin.msp.ulaval.ca.

Roundtable held February 4–7, 1999, Indianapolis, IN.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.