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Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients

TREMBLAY, ANGELO; DRAPEAU, VICKY

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: November 1999 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p S584
Roundtable Consensus Statement

TREMBLAY, A., and V. DRAPEAU. Physical activity and preference for selected macronutrients. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 31, No. 11, Suppl., pp. S584–S589, 1999.

Objective The impact of physical exercise on macronutrient preferences was examined with a perspective to improve preventive and therapeutic strategies of obesity.

Design The literature was reviewed pertaining to the acute effects of physical activity and the short-term and chronic effects of exercise training on macronutrient preferences.

Results The presently available literature does not permit to establish a consensus regarding the impact of physical activity, be it acute or long-term, on macronutrient selection. However, one observation stands out and that is the fact that dietary fat intake needs to be controlled in order for exercise to produce a negative energy and fat balance.

Conclusion Because active individuals do not systematically choose foods that are low in fat content, it is important to provide nutritional guidelines in a context where physical activity aims at reducing or better controlling body weight.

Division of Kinesiology, PEPS, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Québec, G1K 7P4, CANADA

Address for correspondence: Angelo Tremblay, Ph.D., Division of Kinesiology, PEPS, Laval University, Ste-Foy, Québec, G1K 7P4, Canada; E-mail: angelo.tremblay@kin.msp.ulaval.ca.

Roundtable held February 4–7, 1999, Indianapolis, IN.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.