Reliability of peak-lactate, heart rate, and plasma volume following the Wingate test

WEINSTEIN, YITZHAK; BEDIZ, CEM; DOTAN, RAFFY; FALK, BAREKET

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 1998 - Volume 30 - Issue 9 - pp 1456-1460
Special Communications: Methods

Reliability of peak-lactate, heart rate, and plasma volume following the Wingate test. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 30, No. 9, pp. 1456-1460, 1998.

Purpose: The 30-s Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) has been used to assess anaerobic performance capacity and to evaluate physiological responses to supramaximal exercise. Blood lactate concentration ([La]) following supramaximal exercise is often used in the field and in the laboratory to assess the glycolytic contribution to exercise. Although the reliability of the performance in the WAnT has been established, this has not been the case with the WAnT's [La] response. Thus, the main purpose of this research was to study the test-retest reliability of peak [La] following the WAnT. Additionally, the test-retest reliability of the heart rate (HR) and plasma volume changes (ΔPV) response was also evaluated.

Methods: Twenty-nine subjects (15 male, 14 female) of diverse training levels as well as physical characteristics(mean ± SD: 23.3 ± 7.0 yr, 62.5 ± 12.0 kg, 170.8 ± 9.7 cm, and 16.3 ± 6.2% fat) performed two WAnTs within 1 wk. Capillary blood was sampled from a prewarmed fingertip at rest, just before the WAnT and at 3, 5, 7, and 9 min following it. HR was also measured during these times.

Results: Mean-power(MP) (±SE) in test 1 and test 2 was 8.4 ± 0.2 and 8.3 ± 0.2 W·kg−1 body mass, respectively. Peak [La] was attained 5-7 min following the WAnTs and was not significantly different between test 1 and test 2 (9.7 ± 0.3 vs 9.8 ± 0.3 mM, respectively). Peak HR occurred within 5 s post-WAnT and was not different between tests (170.8 ± 2.2 and 171.3 ± 2.2 beats·min−1, in test 1 and test 2, respectively). Peak ΔPV was not different between tests (−12.0 ± 3.4 and −11.1± 3.2%, in test 1 and test 2, respectively). The intraclass reliability coefficients for peak [La]. peak HR and ΔPV were 0.926, 0.941, and 0.878, respectively, whereas the corresponding value for MP was 0.982.

Conclusions: We conclude that peak [La], peak HR, and ΔPV following the WAnT are reliable measures.

The Ribstein Center for Sports Medicine Sciences and Research, The Wingate Institute, ISRAEL, and Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, TURKEY

Submitted for publication April 1997.

Accepted for publication February 1998.

This work was supported by a grant from the Research Committee of the Israeli Sports Authority, Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Yitzhak Weinstein, The Ribstein Center for Research and Sport Medicine Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel 42902. E-mail: itzw@ohalo.macam98.ac.il.

©1998The American College of Sports Medicine