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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
Applied Sciences: Physical Fitness and Performance

Influence of fitness on susceptibility to noise-induced temporary threshold shift

KOLKHORST, FRED W.; SMALDINO, JOSEPH J.; WOLF, STACY C.; BATTANI, LISA R.; PLAKKE, BRUCE L.; HUDDLESTON, SHARON; HENSLEY, LARRY D.

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Abstract

Purpose: Two earlier reports indicated that cardiovascular fitness attenuates susceptibility to noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) in hearing sensitivity; however, other parameters of fitness also may be related to this phenomenon. This study investigated the association of three different physical fitness indicators on TTS.

Methods: Maximal aerobic power (˙VO2max), body composition, and recent activity history were determined in 33 normal-hearing females of various fitness levels. Audiometric thresholds were obtained at 2000, 3000, 4000, and 6000 Hz before and immediately after 10 min of exposure to 108-dB SPL narrow-band noise centered at 2000 Hz.

Results: All postnoise measurements were significantly less than prenoise measurements (P < 0.0001) with the greatest TTS occurring at 3000 Hz. Similarly, the strongest Pearson-product correlations for˙VO2max,% fat, and recent activity history with TTS occurred at 3000 Hz (r = -0.68, 0.60, -0.59, respectively; P < 0.05). Canonical correlation analysis indicated a moderate correlation between physical fitness and TTS (Rc = 0.71; P < 0.01). Individually,˙VO2max,% fat, and recent activity history had correlations of-0.70, 0.62, and -0.63, respectively, to the TTS canonical variable.

Conclusions: From these results, we concluded that there is a moderate association of physical fitness and diminished temporary hearing loss experienced after noise exposure.

©1998The American College of Sports Medicine

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