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Comparison of anaerobic components of the Wingate and Critical Power tests in males and females


Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: October 1996 - Volume 28 - Issue 10 - pp 1336-1341
Special Communications: Methods

The purpose of the study was to reexamine the relationship between the Wingate and Critical Power tests of anaerobic capacity (AC) and anaerobic reserve (AR), respectively. A second purpose was to observe gender differences. Both tests were administered to 16 female and 13 male subjects(N = 29) on a Monark cycle ergometer with six subjects repeating AR measurement. The results show that AC (240.2 ± 30.5 J·kg-1, calculated from total work for 30 s) and AR (184.0± 1.2 J·kg-1) were not well-correlated (r = 0.07,P > 0.72). When expressed as total energy independent of body mass, the relationship was significant but low (r = 0.41, P > 0.02). Since AR was 23% lower than AC, which is believed to underestimate true anaerobic capacity, the data suggest that the Critical Power and Wingate tests do not assess the same anaerobic compartments. AR from the Critical Power test may not include the energy component of anaerobic glycolysis. Therefore, intrinsic methodological and theoretical differences between the tests make the absolute comparison of AC and AR problematic.

Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506; and New York Chiropractic College, Seneca Falls, NY 13148

Submitted for publication October 1995.

Accepted for publication July 1996.

Address for correspondence: Ronald Bulbulian, 141 Washington Street, Canandaigua, NY 14424.

©1996The American College of Sports Medicine