Skip Navigation LinksHome > August 1996 - Volume 28 - Issue 8 > Whole-body hyperhydration in endurance-trained males determi...
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise:
Applied Sciences: Biodynamics

Whole-body hyperhydration in endurance-trained males determined using radionuclide dilution

MAW, GRAEME J.; MACKENZIE, IAN L.; COMER, DES A. M.; TAYLOR, NIGEL A. S.

Collapse Box

Abstract

Despite evidence of hypervolemia following endurance training, there is little information regarding corresponding extravascular fluid volumes. Quantification of such volumes relies upon radionuclide dilution methods, previously hampered by the loss of plasma albumin. It was our purpose to measure human body-fluid distribution in eight endurance-trained males, using a simultaneous radionuclide dilution technique, incorporating radioiodinated serum fibronogen (RISF). Fluid distribution was measured on three occasions, using 2 μCi of RISF, 8 μCi of 51Cr-labeled erythrocytes, and 20μCi of Na82Br and 450 μCi of 3H2O; to measure PV, erythrocyte (RCV), extracellular (ECFV), and total-body water (TBW) volumes, respectively. Respective volume means, standard deviations, and coefficients of variation were: 46.6 (±4.9; 8.44%), 33.3 (±2.9; 3.89%), 258.1(±12.1; 4.93%), and 654.2 (±13.4; 3.24%) ml · kg-1. The incorporation of RISF provided a reliable modification to previous methods, and revealed a body-fluid expansion in endurance-trained males. It was concluded that such subjects were hyperhydrated, possessing proportionately expanded fluid volumes throughout both intravascular and extravascular spaces. This was attributed to training history and accompanying reductions in adiposity.

©1996The American College of Sports Medicine

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Connect With Us