We investigated NaHCO3 infusion effects on plasma lactate removal by forearm muscles and performance during intensive leg exercise. Seven subjects performed the force-velocity (FV) test with placebo and NaHCO3 (2 mEq·min-1) with a double-blind crossover protocol. Blood samples for arterial ([LA]A) and venous ([LA]V) lactate determinations were taken 1) at rest before infusion, and 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, and 22 min following its start; and 2) at the end of each exercise bout. The arteriovenous difference ([LA]A-V) was determined for each sampling. NaHCO3 significantly increased arterial bicarbonate concentration and pH during rest (P < 0.001; P < 0.001) and the FV test (P < 0.001; P < 0.05). During the test,[LA]A and [LA]V were significantly higher with NaHCO3(P < 0.05, P < 0.001). At test onset, [LA]A-V became positive and increased until the braking force of 6 kg, with NaHCO3 and placebo, with values significantly lower for NaHCO3(P < 0.001). Peak anaerobic power (Wanae, peak) and the corresponding braking force (Fmax) were also determined. Fmax was significantly increased with NaHCO3 (P < 0.001). In conclusion, the increasing rise in [LA]A and [LA]V induced by NaHCO3 may be partly explained by a decreased rate of lactate uptake by forearm skeletal muscles. NaHCO3 did not improve Wanae, peak, but improved Fmax, thus increasing FV duration.