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Treadmill roller ski test predicts biathlon roller ski race results of elite U.S. biathlon women

RUNDELL, KENNETH W.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: December 1995
Methods: PDF Only

RUNDELL, K. W. Treadmill roller ski test predicts biathlon roller ski race results of elite U.S. biathlon women. Med, Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 27, No. 12, pp. 1677–1685, 1995. This study evaluated ski-specific laboratory testing and the relationship of test parameters to biathlon race performance. Since the ski skating technique used exclusively during biathlon racing requires a large upper body contribution, treadmill roller ski test parameters may provide relevant information for ski-specific training and ski performance. Seven top U.S. female biathlon skiers performed lactate threshold and JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-199512000-00015/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222457Z/r/image-pngO2 peak tests running (TR) and roller skiing (skating technique, RS) on a motor driven treadmill. In addition, a constant workload (14 km·h-1, 6% grade) roller ski test to exhaustion at race pace (ET) on a motor driven treadmill, and a short-term double pole power test (DP) were also performed. Results indicate that lactate threshold JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-199512000-00015/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222457Z/r/image-pngO2 and HR were significantly lower during RS than TR, DP power (w·kg-1) was related to RS JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-199512000-00015/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222457Z/r/image-pngO2 peak (r = 0.90), but not to TR parameters. ET time to exhaustion was related to gross efficiency during ET (r = −0.86), RS JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-199512000-00015/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222457Z/r/image-pngO2 peak (r = 0.80) and DP HR (% peak HR, r = 0.80). These results suggest that ski-specific laboratory testing provides better insight to ski performance than treadmill run testing.

©1995The American College of Sports Medicine