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Which Comes First? Resistance Before Aerobic Exercise or Vice Versa?

Kang, Jie Ph.D., FACSM; Ratamess, Nicholas Ph.D., CSCS*D

doi: 10.1249/FIT.0000000000000004
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES • To understand the concept of concurrent training and its components.

• To learn the effect of different sequences of concurrent training on cardiorespiratory and muscular adaptations.

Concurrent training of either resistance exercise before aerobic or aerobic before resistance exercise can confer both aerobic and anaerobic benefits simultaneously provided that the training program is designed and carried out properly. However, there are some unique advantages and disadvantages associated with each exercise sequence that one should consider to optimize their training outcomes.

Jie Kang, Ph.D., FACSM, is a professor in the Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey. His research interests relate to alterations in energy metabolism, substrate utilization, cardiorespiratory function, and perceived exertion in response to both acute and chronic exercise. He is the author of Bioenergetics Primer for Exercise Science and Nutrition and Metabolism in Sports, Exercise, and Health.

Nicholas Ratamess, Ph.D., CSCS*D, is an associate professor in the Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey. His research interests are strength training and conditioning, physiological adaptations, and sports supplementation. He is the author of ACSM’s Foundations of Strength Training and Conditioning, coauthor of the ACSM’s position stand on “Progression Models in Resistance Training for Healthy Adults,” and a senior editor of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest and do not have any financial disclosures.

© 2014 American College of Sports Medicine.