LEARNING OBJECTIVE: • The purpose of this article is to provide an update on food and fluid recommendations before, during and after exercise to improve the health and performance of fitness and recreational sports enthusiasts.
Adequate fueling before, during, and after exercise can enhance exercise capacity, build muscle, and enhance training adaptation. For fitness professionals and their clients it is important to know what, how much and when to eat and drink before, during, and after exercise in order to maximize the effect of exercise on both health and performance.
Nanna L. Meyer, Ph.D, R.D., CSSD, has a dual appointment at the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs (UCCS) and the United States Olympic Committee where she directs sport nutrition services, research, and educational activities. She also is the coordinator of the Sport Nutrition Graduate Program at UCCS. Her research activities relate to the Female Athlete Triad, winter sports, low bone mass in sport, vitamin D in athletes, and developing effective nutrition intervention strategies to promote health and performance.
Melinda M. Manore, Ph.D., R.D., CSSD, FACSM, is a professor of Nutrition in the Department of Nutrition and Exercise Sciences at Oregon State University, where she also has served as department chair and a nutrition extension specialist. Her research and teaching are in the area of nutrition and exercise, including nutrition for health and performance, nutrition assessment, weight management and energy balance, and supplements/functional foods. She has presented more than 100 invited scientific and lay lectures on nutrition topics including sports nutrition, dieting and weight control, the female athlete triad, supplements, and the role of diet and exercise in disease prevention.
Jackie Berning, Ph.D., R.D., CSSD, is currently the sport dietitian for the Colorado Rockies Baseball Club and the Cleveland Indians Minor League Baseball Teams. She also is a member of U.S. Lacrosse Sports Science and Safety Committee. She has won numerous teaching awards at the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs, and her research focus is on nutritional requirement for athletic performance.
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest and do not have any financial disclosures.