LEARNING OBJECTIVES: • Provide a brief overview of hypertension, the epidemiology of hypertension, associated health risks, and basic pharmacology for hypertension.
• Discuss the research examining the effects resistance training has on blood pressure.
• Provide resistance training recommendations for people with hypertension.
Hypertension is a chronic medical condition that affects millions of Americans, and increases the risk for stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Resistance training should be included in a comprehensive exercise program designed to help prevent or manage chronic disease in hypertensive individuals. This article will cover the epidemiology of hypertension, discuss the research on acute and chronic blood pressure responses to resistance training and provide evidence-based guidelines for designing resistance training programs for persons with hypertension.
Paul Sorace, M.S., RCEP, CSCS, is a clinical exercise physiologist for The Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation Program at Hackensack University Medical Center in Hackensack, NJ. He is the chair of ACSM’s Publications Subcommittee, an editorial board member for ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal®, and a past member of ACSM’s Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist Practice Board. He is former coeditor for ACSM’s Certified News and a member of the ACSM Health & Fitness Summit & Exposition Program Committee.; James R. Churilla, Ph.D., M.P.H., RCEP, CSCS, is an assistant professor of clinical exercise physiology and physical activity epidemiology in the Brooks College of Health at the University of North Florida in Jacksonville, FL. His research focuses on physical activity and the metabolic syndrome and population health. He is ACSM Program Director Certified and a previous member of ACSM’s Publications Subcommittee. He is a member of ACSM, American Heart Association’s Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, and the American Physiological Society.; Peter M. Magyari, Ph.D., HFS, CSCS, is the exercise science program director in the Brooks College of Health at the University of North Florida. He earned a Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology from University of Florida working under the direction of Dr. Michael Pollock and Dr. Randy Braith. He is a current member of ACSM’s Publications Subcommittee. His primary research interests are in the application of resistance training programs in health, disease, and sport.