LEARNING OBJECTIVE: • This feature article emphasizes the need for physical activity and exercise interventions to be developed and delivered in accordance with psychological theory. Pulling from a contemporary theory of human motivation called Self-determination Theory, this article demonstrates how delivering an exercise message, consultation, or program in an autonomy-supportive, well-structured, and interpersonally involved way may benefit participants' attempts to become and stay more active. Practical strategies that may be used by a health and fitness professional to create an autonomy-supportive, well-structured, and interpersonally involved exercise environment also are presented.
This article demonstrates how theory-based strategies may be utilized by a health and fitness professional to deliver exercise messages, consultations, or programs in a way that benefits participants' attempts to regularly engage in physical activity and their well-being.
Jemma Edmunds, Ph.D., is a research fellow at the Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions at Coventry University, United Kingdom. Dr. Edmunds' research interests include the motivational processes underpinning physical activity and exercise engagement and the design and evaluation of theory-based interventions to promote physical activity/active lifestyles.
Nikos Ntoumanis, Ph.D., is a senior lecturer in Sport and Exercise Psychology at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Ntoumanis' research focuses on motivation in sport, physical education, and exercise settings.
Joan L. Duda, Ph.D., is a professor of Sport Psychology at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Professor Duda's research focuses on the motivational processes underlying quality engagement in sport, exercise, and dance settings, the interplay between sport/exercise participation and well-being, as well as the psychological determinants of performance excellence.