Preventing Osteoporosis the Bone Estrogen Strength Training Way

Houtkooper, Linda B. Ph.D., R.D., FACSM; Stanford, Vanessa A. M.S., R.D., CSCS; Metcalfe, Lauve L. M.S., FAWHP; Lohman, Timothy G. Ph.D.; Going, Scott B. Ph.D.

ACSM'S Health & Fitness Journal:
doi: 10.1249/01.FIT.0000257708.14987.38
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Abstract

Learning Objectives: The purposes of this article are to demonstrate that (1) osteoporosis is a debilitating disease that leads to fragile bones and bone fractures, (2) osteoporosis cannot be cured but can be prevented, and (3) low bone mineral density is a characteristic of osteoporosis. The Bone Estrogen Strength Training study results will demonstrate the following:

1. Bone mineral density can be maintained or increased in postmenopausal women using a regime of adequate resistance and weight-bearing exercise training combined with adequate calcium intake in the short term (1 year) and the long term (4 years).

2. In addition to calcium, other nutrients (particularly iron) interacted with hormone replacement therapy use and influenced short-term (1 year) and long-term (4 years) bone mineral density changes in the Bone Estrogen Strength Training study participants.

Author Information

Linda B. Houtkooper, Ph.D., R.D., FACSM, is a professor and head of the Department of Nutritional Sciences in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at the University of Arizona. She is the director of Nutrition and Education for the Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition at the University of Arizona. She is a coprincipal investigator for the BEST study and one of the authors of The BEST Exercise Program for Osteoporosis Prevention.

Vanessa A. Stanford, M.S., R.D., CSCS, is a senior research specialist in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Arizona. She is the coordinator of the Nutritional Assessment Lab and one of the authors of The BEST Exercise Program for Osteoporosis Prevention.

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Lauve L. Metcalfe, M.S., FAWHP, is the director of Program Development and Community Outreach for the Center of Physical Activity and Nutrition. Ms. Metcalfe is a coprincipal investigator for the BEST study and directed the exercise and social support portion of the intervention. She also is one of the authors of The BEST Exercise Program for Osteoporosis Prevention.

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Timothy G. Lohman, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Physiology in the College of Medicine at the University of Arizona. He is the director of the Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition and is the Principal Investigator of the BEST study. He also is one of the authors of The BEST Exercise Program for Osteoporosis Prevention.

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Scott B. Going, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Department of Nutrition at the University of Arizona. He is the director of Research Development for the Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition. He is a coprincipal investigator for the BEST study and one of the authors of The BEST Exercise Program for Osteoporosis Prevention.

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© 2007 American College of Sports Medicine