Learning Objective: To gain a better understanding of maximal aerobic capacity and physiologic factors that influence it.
Maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) is the most widely obtained measurement in exercise physiology. This article gives a brief historical review of V̇O2max and discusses the factors that influence it and the current concepts when measuring it.
Cengiz Akalan, Ph.D., has a doctorate in exercise science and statistics. He is an Associate Professor and Researcher at the Ankara University in Turkey. His research interests are in athletic performance and training, energy metabolism, fitness programming, and exercise and clinical population.
Len Kravitz, Ph.D., has a doctorate in health promotion and exercise science. He is an Associate Professor and Researcher at the University of New Mexico where he serves as the coordinator of exercise science. His research interests are in energy metabolism, resistance exercise, and exercise modality comparison.
Robert R. Robergs, Ph.D., is the director of the Exercise Physiology Laboratories at the University of New Mexico where his main responsibility is to support Ph.D. student mentoring and research. His research interests are in the validity of exercise testing, especially for V̇O2max, central cardiovascular and pulmonary function during exercise, laboratory measurements of physical fitness, exercise at altitude, optimizing hydration and rehydration, and the recovery from metabolic acidosis.