How Neurons Make Us Jump: The Neural Control of Stretch-Shortening Cycle Movements

Taube, Wolfgang1; Leukel, Christian1,2; Gollhofer, Albert2

Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews: April 2012 - Volume 40 - Issue 2 - p 106–115
doi: 10.1097/JES.0b013e31824138da
Articles

How can the human central nervous system (CNS) control complex jumping movements task- and context-specifically? This review highlights the complex interaction of multiple hierarchical levels of the CNS, which work together to enable stretch-shortening cycle contractions composed of activity resulting from feedforward (preprogrammed) and feedback (reflex) loops.

This review discusses how the human central nervous system can control complex jumping movements task- and context-specifically.

1Department of Medicine, Movement and Sport Science, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland; and 2Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Address for correspondence: Wolfgang Taube, Ph.D., Department of Medicine, Movement and Sport Science, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 3, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland (E-mail: wolfgang.taube@unifr.ch).

Accepted for publication: October 26, 2011.

Associate Editor: Roger M. Enoka, Ph.D.

©2012 The American College of Sports Medicine