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Carbohydrate Availability and Training Adaptation: Effects on Cell Metabolism

Hawley, John A.1; Burke, Louise M.2

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews: October 2010 - Volume 38 - Issue 4 - p 152-160
doi: 10.1097/JES.0b013e3181f44dd9
Articles

Several markers of endurance training adaptation are enhanced to a greater extent when individuals undertake selected training sessions with low compared with normal muscle glycogen content or with low exogenous carbohydrate availability. The potential mechanisms underlying the cellular responses arising from such nutrient-exercise interactions are discussed in the context of promoting training adaptation.

1Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria; and 2Department of Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, ACT, Australia

Address for correspondence: John A. Hawley, Ph.D., Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia (E-mail: john.hawley@rmit.edu.au).

Accepted for publication: April 30, 2010.

Associate Editor: Mark Hargreaves, Ph.D., FACSM

©2010 The American College of Sports Medicine