Exercise training decreases cardiovascular risk, but effects on traditional risk factors do not fully account for this benefit. Exercise directly impacts upon arterial shear stress, a stimulus to antiatherogenic adaptation in vascular function and remodeling. This review considers the impact of exercise training on vascular adaptation in large and small arteries in humans.
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool; and School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Address for correspondence: Daniel J. Green, Ph.D., Professor of Cardiovascular Physiology, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, 15-21 Webster St, Liverpool L3 2ET (E-mail: email@example.com).
Accepted for publication: June 23, 2009.
Associate Editor: Philip S. Clifford, Ph.D., FACSM, FAHA