Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews

Skip Navigation LinksHome > April 2007 - Volume 35 - Issue 2 > Development of Independent Walking in Toddlers
Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews:
doi: 10.1249/JES.0b013e31803eafa8

Development of Independent Walking in Toddlers

Ivanenko, Yuri P.1; Dominici, Nadia1,2; Lacquaniti, Francesco1,2,3

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Surprisingly, despite millions of years of bipedal walking evolution, the gravity-related pendulum mechanism of walking does not seem to be implemented at the onset of independent walking, requiring each toddler to develop it. We discuss the precursor of the mature locomotor pattern in infants as an optimal starting point strategy for gait maturation.

©2007 The American College of Sports Medicine


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