Description: OWL is a free Web-based resource designed to facilitate access to online orthopedic information and journals. Much of the content is accessible without membership; however, membership is free. The Web site has a vast list of resources including information on continuing medical education, resources for hand-held devices, and teaching resources. There are sections for orthopedists, physical therapists, and others with specific forums and resources relevant to each profession. There also are legal and international orthopedic resources.
Description: Orthopaedic Scores is a Web site with a multitude of clinical calculators helpful in quantifying pain, function, and dysfunction. There are calculators available for all musculoskeletal regions, and a variety of different options are available for similar conditions in each region. Each scoring modality has a form that is filled out online, and a score is generated through the program. Some of the forms are intended to be filled out by the patient to help quantify pain or dysfunction, while others are meant to help guide clinicians with decision making. Interpretation of the score and references is provided. The forms are printable, can be downloaded, and can be de-identified or collected anonymously, which may be helpful in tracking various conditions or populations.
Description: OrthoFracs is a comprehensive orthopedic Web site produced in Australia. It has sections on basic sciences, including anatomy and physiology, embryology, and pharmacology. There are sections reviewing disease-specific epidemiology, presentation, and examination findings of many illnesses and is presented in both written and video forms. The site has numerous pearls on orthopedic history taking and examination for classic diseases, which will be helpful to learners. OrthoFracs reviews common orthopedic surgical procedures and has sections on trauma, pediatrics, and medical conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system (e.g., diabetes and rheumatologic diseases).
Description: Bone School is a Web site focused on general musculoskeletal medical education and will be helpful to learners. The site has joint- and injury-specific information broken down into an outline form and has lists of differential diagnosis for a number of these conditions. There is a section on imaging modalities that explains the physics, indications, and contraindications for each study. Bone School also has helpful information on radiation exposure and a section specific to orthopedic issues in pediatric patients.
Description: The Injury Clinic is a resource from Rice University that will be a useful patient resource, while certain sections will be of interest to physicians caring for special populations. A major section of the Web site reviews common orthopedic conditions that afflict everyday athletes and has a breakdown of the basic anatomy, predisposing factors, as well as the approach to treatment of these diseases. There also are practical sections on physiology with attention to issues like electrolyte deficits, high-altitude activity, and other environmental conditions that complicate sports performance. The Injury Clinic has instructional sections on nutrition, stretching, as well as the basics of heart rate monitor training.