ACSM Clinician Profile
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) is proud to feature William E. Kraus, MD, FACSM, in this issue’s Clinician Profile. Dr. Kraus is a physician, scientist, and professor in the Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, at Duke University. His undergraduate degree was in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1977) from Harvard College, and his medical degree (1983) and training (Internal Medicine Residency and Cardiology Fellowship) is from Duke University School of Medicine. Dr. Kraus is a practicing preventive cardiologist with specific interests and expertise in cardiac rehabilitation and athletic performance. His research interests span from basic science in the cellular signaling processes underlying the plasticity of skeletal muscle gene expression and mechanisms of skeletal myocyte development and differentiation to the human physiology underlying exercise training benefits on cardiovascular health to the human genetics of cardiometabolic diseases. Dr. Kraus is the director for Clinical Research at the Duke Center for Living, a multidisciplinary treatment and research facility dedicated to the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
You Have Been an ACSM Member Since 1982. How Has ACSM Grown and Changed Since You Became a Member?
ACSM has become much more involved on the public policy and advocacy side of physical activity promotion. The organization has been developing actively successful strategies to be a leader in the promotion of physical activity and the development of the science around the importance of physical activity for health promotion for all Americans. The Exercise is Medicine® initiative is indicative of this.
What Was It Like to be a Clinician a Decade or Two Ago Compared to Today?
This is hard to address as the age of the practitioner (me) enters into the assessment. Let me just say that the latitude to have detailed and lengthy discussions with patients about lifestyle and its effects on the health of the individual has been curtailed significantly over the last couple of decades.
How Has Membership in ACSM Influenced Your Career?
ACSM has been supportive of maintaining a focus on exercise and physical activity in my research work and clinical practice. More important, the colleagues that I have met through ACSM and nurtured through regular interactions have been important to my research and clinical careers.
What Is Your Best Advice to Other Sports Medicine Clinicians?
I am not actually a sports medicine clinician but rather a cardiologist. Any internist or cardiologist interested in exercise science and physical activity for health should make ACSM one of their homes.
Where Do You See ACSM Heading in the Future?
In the future, I think ACSM will continue to be central to physical activity advocacy nationally and internationally.