Skip Navigation LinksHome > July/August 2014 - Volume 13 - Issue 4 > Eating Disorders in Female Athletes: Use of Screening Tools
Current Sports Medicine Reports:
doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000074
Nutrition and Ergogenic Aids

Eating Disorders in Female Athletes: Use of Screening Tools

Knapp, Jessica DO1; Aerni, Giselle MD2; Anderson, Jeffrey MD3

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Abstract

Screening female athletes for eating disorders is not performed commonly even though the American College of Sports Medicine, National Athletic Trainer Association, and International Olympic Committee have guidelines recommending screening. Eating disorders are more prevalent in the female athlete population than in the general population and carry short-term and long-term consequences that can affect sport performance. There are several screening tools available that have been studied in the general population and fewer tools that were validated specifically in female athletes. Female athletes with eating disorder pathology often have different factors and environmental pressures contributing to their pathology that can be identified best with an athlete-specific screening tool. We will discuss various screening tools available and the evidence for each one. Screening for eating disorders in all female athletes is an important part of the preparticipation examination and should be done using a tool specifically validated for the female athlete.

Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Sports Medicine

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