Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries (MSKI) is critical in both civilian and military populations to enhance physical performance, optimize health, and minimize health care expenses. Developing a more unified approach through addressing identified movement impairments could result in improved dynamic balance, trunk stability, and functional movement quality while potentially minimizing the risk of incurring such injuries. Although the evidence supporting the utility of injury prediction and return-to-activity readiness screening tools is encouraging, considerable additional research is needed regarding improving sensitivity, specificity, and outcomes, and especially the implementation challenges and barriers in a military setting. If selected current functional movement assessments can be administered in an efficient and cost-effective manner, utilization of the existing tools may be a beneficial first step in decreasing the burden of MSKI, with a subsequent focus on secondary and tertiary prevention via further assessments on those with prior injury history.
1U.S. Army-Baylor University, Ft Sam Houston, TX; 2National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Sanford USD School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, SD; 3Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Consortium of Health and Military Performance, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD; 4Headquarters Air Education and Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base, TX; 5Department of Family Medicine, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD; 6Army Institute of Public Health, U.S. Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, MD; 7Department of Kinesiology, Towson University, Towson, MD; 8Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; 9Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army Medical Command, Falls Church, VA; 10Team Physician, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD; 11Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD; and 12Department of Sports Medicine and Nutrition, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
Address for correspondence: Deydre Teyhen, PT, PhD, OCS, U.S. Army-Baylor University, 3151 Scott Road, Ft Sam Houston, TX. 78234; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.