Skip Navigation LinksHome > March/April 2013 - Volume 12 - Issue 2 > High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema: Diagnosis, Prevention, and T...
Current Sports Medicine Reports:
doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e318287713b
Environmental Conditions: Section Articles

High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment

Pennardt, Andre MD, FACEP, FAWM

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Abstract

High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a lethal, noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema that afflicts susceptible individuals after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2,500 m. Prevention of HAPE is achieved most effectively by gradual ascent allowing time for proper acclimatization. Certain prophylactic medications may further reduce the risk of ascending to high altitude in individuals with a prior history of HAPE. The most effective and reliable treatment of HAPE is immediate descent and administration of supplemental oxygen.

© 2013 American College of Sports Medicine

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