This article introduces the history of strength training, explains the many different styles of strength training, and discusses common injuries specific to each style. Strength training is broken down into five disciplines: basic strength or resistance training, bodybuilding, power lifting, style-dependant strength sports (e.g., strongman competitions, Highland games, field events such as shot put, discus, hammer throw, and javelin), and Olympic-style weightlifting. Each style has its own principal injuries, both acute and chronic, related to the individual technique. Acute injuries should be further categorized as emergent or nonemergent. Specific age-related populations (i.e., the very young and the aging athlete) carry additional considerations.
1Indiana University School of Medicine, South Bend, IN; USA Weightlifting, Sports Medicine Committee, Colorado Springs, CO; International Weightlifting Federation, Masters Division, Budapest, Hungary; South Bend Sports Medicine Fellowship Program, South Bend, IN; Indiana University South Bend, South Bend, IN; Holy Cross College, Notre Dame, IN; University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN; 2Family Medicine, Memorial Family Medicine Residency Program, South Bend, IN; 3Memorial Sports Medicine Institute, South Bend, IN
Address for correspondence: Mark E. Lavallee, M.D., CSCS, FACSM, Memorial Sports Medicine Institute, 111 West Jefferson Blvd, Suite 100, South Bend, IN 46601 (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).