Skip Navigation LinksHome > January/February 2008 - Volume 7 - Issue 1 > Core Stability Exercise Principles
Current Sports Medicine Reports:
doi: 10.1097/01.CSMR.0000308663.13278.69
Spine Conditions: Section Articles

Core Stability Exercise Principles

Akuthota, Venu1; Ferreiro, Andrea1; Moore, Tamara2; Fredericson, Michael3

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Abstract

Core stability is essential for proper load balance within the spine, pelvis, and kinetic chain. The so-called core is the group of trunk muscles that surround the spine and abdominal viscera. Abdominal, gluteal, hip girdle, paraspinal, and other muscles work in concert to provide spinal stability. Core stability and its motor control have been shown to be imperative for initiation of functional limb movements, as needed in athletics. Sports medicine practitioners use core strengthening techniques to improve performance and prevent injury. Core strengthening, often called lumbar stabilization, also has been used as a therapeutic exercise treatment regimen for low back pain conditions. This article summarizes the anatomy of the core, the progression of core strengthening, the available evidence for its theoretical construct, and its efficacy in musculoskeletal conditions.

© 2008 American College of Sports Medicine

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