Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2006 - Volume 5 - Issue 5 > Medical Illnesses and Injuries Encountered During Surfing
Current Sports Medicine Reports:
doi: 10.1097/01.CSMR.0000306426.16414.52
Sport-specific Illness and Injury

Medical Illnesses and Injuries Encountered During Surfing

Taylor, Kenneth S. MD; Zoltan, Todd B. MD, JD; Achar, Suraj A. MD

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Abstract

Surfing is an exciting sport enjoyed in many coastal communities around the globe. Participants are prone to various conditions ranging from acute injuries to conditions borne from chronic environmental exposure. Lacerations, contusions, sprains, and fractures are the common types of acute traumatic injury. Injury from the rider's own surfboard is the prevailing mechanism of injury. Interaction with marine animals may lead to injury through envenomation. Although jellyfish stings are common, no definitive treatment strategy has been proven most effective in dealing with such stings. Exposure to jellyfish and other nematocyst-containing larvae can cause a reaction known as seabather's eruption. Stingrays and coral reefs present further hazards to the surfboard rider. Infection of wounds is often seen and should be treated with fluoroquinolones or third-generation cephalosporins to cover Vibrio species, along with Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species. Otologic sequelae of surfing include auditory exostoses, ruptured tympanic membrane, and otitis externa.

© 2006 American College of Sports Medicine

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