Developing a Pipeline for the Community-Based Primary Care Workforce and Its Leadership: The Kraft Center for Community Health Leaderships Fellowship and Practitioner Programs

Shtasel, Derri MD, MPH; Hobbs-Knutson, Katherine MD, MPH; Tolpin, Harriet PhD; Weinstein, Debra MD; Gottlieb, Gary L. MD, MBA

doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000806
Innovation Reports

Problem: Community health centers (CHCs) face challenges recruiting and retaining primary care clinicians. Providing advanced training that enhances clinical skills within a public health framework, teaches leadership, protects time for scholarly activities, and focuses on the social mission may be a successful career development strategy.

Approach: In July 2012, the Kraft Center for Community Health Leadership developed and implemented two 2-year programs to develop physician and nursing leaders with blended academic–community career paths and identities. The fellowship program for physicians and the practitioner program for early-career physicians and advanced practice nurses include mentored practice in a CHC; monthly learning days; completion of a community-based research project; and, for fellows, matriculation in an MPH program and engagement in a bimonthly leadership seminar.

Outcomes: The first classes of 5 fellows and 14 practitioners graduated in June 2014. All 5 fellowship graduates were offered full-time positions at the CHCs where they practiced, and 2 have accepted leadership positions at their CHCs. All 14 practitioner graduates remain in community health, 5 have accepted leadership positions, and 2 have obtained grants to support ongoing projects.

Next Steps: The authors are tracking graduates’ career paths and the programs’ impact on CHCs while modifying the programs on the basis of feedback; identifying elements of the programs that may be amenable to more cost-effective delivery; and exploring the potential for federal funding to support expansion of the practitioner program, and for the practitioner program to increase the return on investment provided by the National Health Service Corps.

D. Shtasel is executive director, Kraft Center for Community Health Leadership, Partners HealthCare, Michele and Howard J. Kessler Chair and director, Division of Public and Community Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, and associate professor of psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

K. Hobbs-Knutson is child and adolescent psychiatrist, Children’s National Medical Center, and assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and pediatrics, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health, Washington, DC.

H. Tolpin is director of curriculum, Kraft Center for Community Health Leadership, Partners HealthCare, Boston, Massachusetts.

D. Weinstein is vice president for graduate medical education, Partners HealthCare, and associate professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

G.L. Gottlieb is chief executive officer, Partners in Health, and professor of psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. He was formerly president and chief executive officer, Partners HealthCare, Boston, Massachusetts.

Funding/Support: The Kraft Center for Community Health Leadership is supported through philanthropy from Robert Kraft and his family and by in-kind contributions from the Partners HealthCare System.

Other disclosures: None reported.

Ethical approval: Reported as not applicable.

Correspondence should be addressed to Derri Shtasel, 25 New Chardon St., Boston, MA 02114; telephone: (617) 726-6072; e-mail: dshtasel@partners.org.

© 2015 by the Association of American Medical Colleges