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Academic Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000097
Innovation Reports

Doctor Coach: A Deliberate Practice Approach to Teaching and Learning Clinical Skills

Gifford, Kimberly A. MD; Fall, Leslie H. MD

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Abstract

Problem: The rapidly evolving medical education landscape requires restructuring the approach to teaching and learning across the continuum of medical education. The deliberate practice strategies used to coach learners in disciplines beyond medicine can also be used to train medical learners. However, these deliberate practice strategies are not explicitly taught in most medical schools or residencies.

Approach: The authors designed the Doctor Coach framework and competencies in 2007–2008 to serve as the foundation for new faculty development and resident-as-teacher programs. In addition to teaching deliberate practice strategies, the programs model a deliberate practice approach that promotes the continuous integration of newly developed coaching competencies by participants into their daily teaching practice.

Outcomes: Early evaluation demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of implementing the Doctor Coach framework across the continuum of medical education. Additionally, the Doctor Coach framework has been disseminated through national workshops, which have resulted in additional institutions applying the framework and competencies to develop their own coaching programs.

Next Steps: Design of a multisource evaluation tool based on the coaching competencies will enable more rigorous study of the Doctor Coach framework and training programs and provide a richer feedback mechanism for participants. The framework will also facilitate the faculty development needed to implement the milestones and entrustable professional activities in medical education.

© 2014 by the Association of American Medical Colleges

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