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Improving the Quality of the Surgical Morbidity and Mortality Conference: A Prospective Intervention Study

Mitchell, Erica L. MD; Lee, Dae Y. MD; Arora, Sonal MBBS, PhD; Kenney-Moore, Pat MS, PA-C; Liem, Timothy K. MD; Landry, Gregory J. MD; Moneta, Gregory L. MD; Sevdalis, Nick PhD

doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31828f87fe
Research Reports

Purpose: Surgical morbidity and mortality conferences (M&MCs) provide surgeons with an opportunity to confront medical errors, discuss adverse events, and learn from their mistakes. Yet, no standardized format for these conferences exists. The authors hypothesized that introducing a standardized presentation format using a validated framework would improve presentation quality and educational outcomes for all attendees.

Method: Following a review of the literature and the solicitation of experts’ opinions, the authors adapted a validated communication tool—the SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendations) framework. In 2010, they then introduced this novel standardized presentation format into the surgical M&MCs at the Oregon Health & Science University. The authors assessed three outcome measures—user satisfaction, presentation quality, and education outcomes—before and after implementation of their standardized presentation format.

Results: Over the six-month study period, residents delivered 66 presentations to 197 faculty, resident, and medical student attendees. Attendees’ performance on the multiple-choice questionnaires improved after the intervention, indicating an improvement in their knowledge. Presentation quality also improved significantly after the intervention, according to evaluations by trained faculty assessors. They noted specific improvements in the quality of the Background, Assessment, and Recommendation sections.

Conclusions: The M&MC plays a pivotal role in educating residents and improving patient safety. Standardizing the M&MC presentation format using an adapted SBAR framework improved the quality of residents’ presentations and attendees’ educational outcomes. The authors recommend using such a standardized presentation format to enhance the educational value of M&MCs, with the goal of improving surgeons’ knowledge, skills, and patient care practices.

Dr. Mitchell is associate professor, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Lee is currently a vascular surgeon at Cardiothoracic Surgeons, Kadlec Clinic, Richland, Washington. At the time of this study, he was a vascular surgery fellow, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Arora is clinical lecturer in general surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, England.

Ms. Kenney-Moore is associate professor, Physician Assistant Program, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Liem is associate professor, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Landry is associate professor, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Moneta is professor and chief, Division of Vascular Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon.

Dr. Sevdalis is senior lecturer in patient safety, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, England.

First published online April 24, 2013

Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Mitchell, Division of Vascular Surgery, OP11, Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd., Portland, OR 97239; telephone: (503) 494-7593; fax: (503) 494-4324; e-mail: mitcheer@ohsu.edu.

© 2013 Association of American Medical Colleges