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Interprofessional Education: A Review and Analysis of Programs From Three Academic Health Centers

Aston, Sheree J. OD, PhD; Rheault, Wendy PT, PhD; Arenson, Christine MD; Tappert, Susan K. PT, DPT; Stoecker, Judith PT, PhD; Orzoff, Jordan PhD; Galitski, Hayes; Mackintosh, Susan DO

Academic Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3182583374
Medical Education
Abstract

The past decade witnessed momentum toward redesigning the U.S. health care system with the intent to improve quality of care. To achieve and sustain this change, health professions education must likewise reform to prepare future practitioners to optimize their ability to participate in the new paradigm of health care delivery. Recognizing that interprofessional education (IPE) is gaining momentum as a crucial aspect of health care professions training, this article provides an introduction to IPE programs from three different academic health centers, which were developed and implemented to train health care practitioners who provide patient-centered, collaborative care. The three participating programs are briefly described, as well as the processes and some lessons learned that were critical in the process of adopting IPE programs in their respective institutions. Critical aspects of each program are described to allow comparison of the critical building blocks for developing an IPE program. Among those building blocks, the authors present information on the planning processes of the different institutions, the competencies that each program aims to instill in the graduates, the snapshot of the three curricular models, and the assessment strategies used by each institution. The authors conclude by providing details that may provide insight for academic institutions considering implementation of IPE programs.

Author Information

Dr. Aston is vice provost, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California.

Dr. Rheault is vice president, Academic Affairs, and dean, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois.

Dr. Arenson is vice chair, Academic Affairs, Department of Family and Community Medicine, and codirector, Jefferson InterProfessional Education Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Dr. Tappert is chair, Department of Interprofessional Healthcare Studies, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois.

Dr. Stoecker is a faculty member, Department of Interprofessional Healthcare Studies, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois.

Dr. Orzoff is director, Interprofessional Education Collaboration, University of Minnesota–Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota. When this article was written, he was director, Outcomes Assessment and Interprofessional Research, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California.

Mr. Galitski is interprofessional education coordinator, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California.

Dr. Mackintosh is director, Interprofessional Education, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California.

Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Aston, 309 E. Second St., Pomona, CA 91766; telephone: (909) 706-3502; e-mail: saston@westernu.edu.

© 2012 Association of American Medical Colleges