Share this article on:

A Comprehensive Career-Success Model for Physician–Scientists

Rubio, Doris M. PhD; Primack, Brian A. MD, EdM, MS; Switzer, Galen E. PhD; Bryce, Cindy L. PhD; Seltzer, Deborah L.; Kapoor, Wishwa N. MD, MPH

doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31823592fd
Career Development

With today's focus on the translation of basic science discoveries into clinical practice, the demand for physician–scientists is growing. Yet, physicians have always found it challenging to juggle the demands of clinical care with the time required to perform research. The Research on Careers Workgroup of the Institute for Clinical Research Education at the University of Pittsburgh developed a comprehensive model for career success that would address, and allow for the evaluation of, the personal factors, organizational factors, and their interplay that contribute to career success. With this model, leaders of training programs could identify early opportunities for intervening with potential physician–scientists to ensure career success. Through an iterative process described in this article, the authors identified and examined potential models for career success from the literature, added other elements determined to be significant, and developed a comprehensive model to assess factors associated with career success for physician–scientists. The authors also present examples of ways in which this model can be adapted and applied to specific situations to assess the effects of different factors on career success.

Dr. Rubio is professor of medicine, biostatistics, nursing, and clinical and translational science, director, Data Center, Center for Research on Health Care (CRHC), and codirector, Institute for Clinical Research Education (ICRE), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Dr. Primack is assistant professor of medicine and pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Dr. Switzer is professor of medicine, psychiatry, and clinical and translational science, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Dr. Bryce is associate professor of medicine, health policy and management, and clinical and translational science, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Ms. Seltzer is research associate, Department of Medicine, and director of research development, CRHC and ICRE, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Dr. Kapoor is Falk Professor of Medicine, vice chair, Department of Medicine, director, CRHC and ICRE, and codirector, Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Rubio, Center for Research on Health Care, 200 Meyran Ave., Suite 200, Pittsburgh, PA 15213; telephone: (412) 692-2023; fax: (412) 246-6954; e-mail: rubiodm@upmc.edu.

First published online October 25, 2011

© 2011 Association of American Medical Colleges