Weaving the Native Web: Using Social Network Analysis to Demonstrate the Value of a Minority Career Development Program

Buchwald, Dedra MD; Dick, Rhonda Wiegman MA

Academic Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318217e824
Career Development
Abstract

Purpose: American Indian and Alaska Native scientists are consistently among the most underrepresented minority groups in health research. The authors used social network analysis (SNA) to evaluate the Native Investigator Development Program (NIDP), a career development program for junior Native researchers established as a collaboration between the University of Washington and the University of Colorado Denver.

Method: The study focused on 29 trainees and mentors who participated in the NIDP. Data were collected on manuscripts and grant proposals produced by participants from 1998 to 2007. Information on authorship of manuscripts and collaborations on grant applications was used to conduct social network analyses with three measures of centrality and one measure of network reach. Both visual and quantitative analyses were performed.

Results: Participants in the NIDP collaborated on 106 manuscripts and 83 grant applications. Although three highly connected individuals, with critical and central roles in the program, accounted for much of the richness of the network, both current core faculty and “graduates” of the program were heavily involved in collaborations on manuscripts and grants.

Conclusions: This study's innovative application of SNA demonstrates that collaborative relationships can be an important outcome of career development programs for minority investigators and that an analysis of these relationships can provide a more complete assessment of the value of such programs.

Author Information

Dr. Buchwald is professor, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, and director, Native Investigator Development Program, a collaboration between the University of Washington and the University of Colorado Denver.

Ms. Dick is technology director, Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, and instructor, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado.

Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Buchwald, University of Washington, 1730 Minor Avenue, Suite 1760, Seattle, WA 98101; telephone: (206) 543-2260; fax: (206) 543-3830; e-mail: dedra@u.washington.edu.

First published online April 20, 2011

© 2011 Association of American Medical Colleges