Academic Medicine

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Academic Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318217e12a
Graduate Medical Education

A Novel Approach to Increase Residents' Involvement in Reporting Adverse Events

Scott, David R. MD; Weimer, Melissa DO; English, Clea MPH; Shaker, Lynn RN, MPH; Ward, William MD; Choi, Dongseok PhD; Cedfeldt, Andrea MD; Girard, Donald MD

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Abstract

Purpose: In the wake of the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005, national attention has increasingly focused on adverse-event reporting as a means of identifying systems changes to improve patient safety. However, physicians and residents have demonstrated meager involvement in this effort.

Method: In 2008–2009, the authors measured participation in adverse-event reporting by 680 residents at Oregon Health & Science University before and after implementing a quality improvement initiative, which consisted of a financial incentive and multifaceted educational campaign. The primary measure of success was an increase in the average monthly adverse-event reports submitted by residents to greater than 5% of the institution's overall report submissions.

Results: The average number of adverse events reported by residents increased from 1.6% to 9.0% of the institution's overall event reports, representing a 5.6-fold increase during the initiative (P < .001). The relative percentage of resident-submitted reports defined as “near-misses” increased from 6% to 27% during the initiative (P < .001).

Conclusions: The novel approach of integrating a retirement benefit and educational campaign to increase residents' involvement in adverse-event reporting was successful. In addition to increasing residents' contributions to adverse-event reporting to levels higher than any documented in the current literature, there was also a remarkable increase in the relative frequency of near-miss reporting by residents.

© 2011 Association of American Medical Colleges

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