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Blueprint for Establishing an Effective Postbaccalaureate Medical School Preentry Program for Educationally Disadvantaged Students

Blakely, Alan W. PhD; Broussard, Larry G. JD

Academic Medicine:
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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to provide public and private medical schools with a pragmatic blueprint for the development and implementation of an effective medical school pre-entry program that increases the pool of students interested in returning to health care shortage areas. An ancillary benefit of this program is an increase in the number of underrepresented minority students to medical schools. The structure, experiences, and results of the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine's Postbaccalaureate Reapplicant Program are used as a case study to construct the blueprint for returning 85–90% of program participants to shortage areas while increasing minority student admissions. The UC Davis program has been in place since 1991 and post-program acceptance rates have varied from 57% to 100% with an overall acceptance rate of 90.4% through 1999–00. Of 115 participating students who had previously been rejected by medical schools, 104 were accepted to health professional programs: 95 students were accepted to major U.S. medical schools and nine were accepted to masters in public health programs, physician's assistant programs, and one international medical school. This success rate has been achieved through a combination of intense assistance in study skills and test-taking skills, academic course work, and academic and pre-professional counseling.

Author Information

Dr. Blakely is Educational Programs Specialist, Office of Medical Education Opportunity Programs, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine; Mr. Broussard is Chief of Staff for Assemblyman Horton, California State Capitol, Sacramento.

Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. Blakely, Office of Medical Education, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616; e-mail: 〈awblakely@ucdavis.edu〉. Reprints are not available.

© 2003 Association of American Medical Colleges