Ethanol sclerotherapy is a first-line treatment for low-flow vascular malformations. Although many complications of ethanol sclerotherapy have been described in the literature, bronchospasm is uncommon. We present a case of a patient in whom bronchospasm was precipitated by injection of ethanol during percutaneous sclerotherapy for craniofacial venous malformations that occurred during general anesthesia. The evidence for ethanol-induced bronchospasm is discussed.
From the *Department of Anesthesiology, and †Center for Vascular Anomalies, KKR Sapporo Medical Center Tonan Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.
Accepted for publication January 15, 2014.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Address correspondence to Kaori Tachibana, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, KKR Sapporo Medical Center Tonan Hospital, Kita-1, Nishi-6, Chuo-Ku, Sapporo, Japan. Address e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.