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doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000055
Case Reports: Case Report

Pneumocephalus After Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Verdun, Aubrey V. MD*; Cohen, Steven P. MD; Williams, Bryan S. MD; Hurley, Robert W. MD, PhD§

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Pneumocephalus may occur after inadvertent injection of air into the subarachnoid space while performing epidural anesthesia using a loss-of-resistance technique with air in the syringe. We report a case of pneumocephalus after an interlaminar epidural steroid injection using the loss-of-resistance to air technique. In this report, we examine the etiology, the expected course of symptoms, and resolution, as well as treatment, of pneumocephalus following a systematic literature review.

© 2014 International Anesthesia Research Society

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