In this report, we describe a case of a neonatal oral herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection possibly acquired from a mother who had oral HSV reactivation in association with neuraxial morphine. Neuraxial morphine is commonly administered for postpartum analgesia after cesarean delivery. While there is evidence that neuraxial morphine increases the risks of oral HSV reactivation in parturients, there has been no report of neonatal HSV infection directly acquired from a mother who had HSV recurrence from neuraxial morphine.
From the *Department of Anesthesia, University of Calgary; and †Pediatric Infectious Disease, Alberta Children’s Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Accepted for publication November 15, 2013.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Address correspondence to M. Cecilia De Guzman, MD, Department of Anesthesia, University of Calgary, C229, 1403 29th St., NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9. Address e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org, and Kaylene Duttchen, MD, BSc (Pharm), FRCP, Department of Anesthesia, University of Calgary, C229, 1403 29th St., NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9. Address e-mail to Kaylene.email@example.com.