Background: The Surgical Care Improvement Project #4 (SCIP#4) performance measure is used to evaluate achievement of target blood glucose control after cardiac surgery.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify patient characteristics and outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery who met the SCIP#4 performance measure versus those who did not.
Methods: A retrospective case-control design was used.
Results: Preoperative hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) level and history of diabetes were 2 major risk factors for failing to meet the SCIP#4 measure. A trend toward a longer length of stay was observed, mortality was 3 times more prevalent, and renal failure was 4 times more frequent in patients who did not meet the SCIP#4 quality measure.
Conclusions: Not meeting the SCIP#4 measure is associated with adverse outcomes. History of diabetes and preoperative HbAIC level should be considered when evaluating strategies for managing postsurgical hyperglycemia.